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Dr. Malcolm D'Souza
Professor of Chemistry

Why I Teach:

"[Teaching] keeps me from
losing gray matter (hopefully)."

Contact Information

Cannon 204
(302) 736-2528


Ph.D., Organic Chemistry, Northern Illinois University
M.S., Organic Chemistry, Northern Illinois University
M.S., Inorganic Chemistry, University of Bombay
B.S., Chemistry, University of Bombay

Professional Activities

My major research focus is in the field of solution chemical kinetics. These projects remain of basic importance in organic chemistry because they study the bond-making and bond-breaking processes of a great many reactions that are building blocks in the synthesis of arthritis, cancer, antiviral, and antifungal drugs. A number of these organic chemicals are also used as precursors to a variety of agricultural products. The proposed experiments may lead to better methods for measuring and understanding the effects of the solvent (medium) in which these reactions take place and thereby increase the development of more efficient applications.

My research students are also involved in an in silico drug evaluation project which combines web-accessible FDA files along with the KnowItAll® platform (from Bio-Rad Laboratories) to teach Wesley’s science majors emerging information technology tools that are typical in the drug discovery process. Additionally using the same platform, we have built a database containing 62 commonly used pesticides in Delaware and are now in the process of developing a useful Smartphone app for farmers.

Undergraduates involved within this Directed Research Program in Chemistry are afforded an opportunity to publish and present data at scientific conferences. Our efforts are sponsored through our DE-NIH-NIGMS-INBRE (8P20GM103446-13), DE-NSF-EPSCoR (EPS-0814251), and NSF ARI R2 (0960503) grants. Outcomes from this sponsored undergraduate research program at Wesley College have so far resulted in 41 peer-reviewed publications with 41 undergraduate co-authors, 45 undergraduate participants earning national or regional awards, and there have been over 225 poster presentations at international, national, and regional scientific conferences.

I also serve as the director of sponsored research and the director of the biological chemistry program at Wesley College.



  • “Manipulating In-House Designed Drug Databases for the Prediction of pH-Dependent Aqueous Drug Solubility,” D’Souza, M. J.; AlAbed, G. J.; Earley, M.; Roberts, N.; Gerges, F. J. American Journal of Health Sciences, 2013, in press.

  • “Kinetic Studies that Evaluate the Solvolytic Mechanisms of Allyl and Vinyl Chloroformate Esters,” D’Souza, M. J.; Givens, A.F.; Lorchak, P.A.; Greenwood, A.E.; Gottschall, S.M.; Carter, S.E.; Kevill, D. N. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2013, 14, 7286-7301. PMID: 23549265.

  • “Application of the Grunwald-Winstein Equations to Studies of Solvolytic Reactions of Chloroformate and Fluoroformate Esters,” D’Souza, M. J.; Kevill, D.N. Review Article in Research Recent Developments in Organic Chemistry, Editor, S. G.. Pandalai. Publisher, Transworld Research Network, 2013, ISBN: 978-81-7895-600-8, in press.


  • “Inter-institutional Partnerships Propel a Successful Collaborative Undergraduate Degree Program in Chemistry,” D’Souza, M. J.; Wang, Q. Journal College Teaching and Learning, 2012, 9, 245-252.

  • “Correlation of the Rates of Solvolysis of tert-Butyl Chlorothioformate and Observations Concerning the Reaction Mechanism,” Kyong, J.B.; Lee, Y.; D’Souza, M.J.; Mahon, B.P.; Kevill, D.N. European Journal Chemistry, 2012, 3, 267-272.

  • “Evaluation of Electronic Effects in the Solvolyses of p-Methylphenyl and p-Chlorophenyl Chlorothionoformate Esters,” D’Souza, M. J.; Hampton, O. N.; Sansbury, B. M. Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 2013, 2012, Article ID 248534, 9 pages.

  • “Nucleophilic Participation in the Solvolyses of (Arylthio)methyl Chlorides and Derivatives: Application of Simple and Extended Forms of the Grunwald-Winstein Equations,” Kevill, D. N.; Park, Y. H.; Park, B.-C.; D’Souza, M. J. Current Organic Chemistry, 2012, 16, 2012, 1502-1511.

  • “Use of Linear Free Energy Relationships (LFERs) to Elucidate the Mechanisms of Reaction of a Methyl-alkynyl and an ortho-Substituted Aryl Chloroformate Ester”, D’Souza, M .J.; Knapp, J. A.; Fernandez-Bueno, G. A.; Kevill, D. N. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2012, 13, 665-682.


  • “Wesley College Ignites Potential with Undergraduate Student Research Program,” D’Souza, M. J.; Dwyer, P.; Miller, J. M.; Drohan, J; Allison, B. E. Council of Undergraduate Research Quarterly, 2011, 32, 41-46.

  • “Understanding Solvent Effects in the Solvolysis of 4-Fluorophenyl Chlorothionoformate,” D’Souza, M. J.; Hailey, S. M.; Mahon, B. P.; Kevill, D. N. Chemical Sciences Journal, 2011, CSJ-35, 1-9.

  • “A Database Developed with Information Extracted from Chemotherapy Drug Package Inserts to Enhance Future Prescriptions,” D’Souza, M. J.; Alabed, G. J.; Wheatley, J. M.; Roberts, N.; Veturi, Y.; Bi, X.; Continisio, C. H. CISE2011, 2011, 219-226, IEEE Conference Record #17768; IEEE Catalog Number: CFP1160F-PRT; ISBN: 978-1-4244-8361-7.

  • “Detailed Analysis for the Solvolysis of Isopropenyl Chloroformate,” D’Souza, M. J.; Shuman, K. E.; Omondi, A. O.; Kevill, D. N. European Journal of Chemistry, 2011, 2, 130-135.

  • “Kinetic Evaluation of the Solvolysis of Isobutyl Chloro- and Chlorothioformate Esters,” D’Souza, M. J.; McAneny, M. J.; Kevill, D. N.; Kyong, J. B.; Choi, S. H. Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry, 2011, 7, 543-552.
  • “A Study of Solvent Effects in the Solvolysis of Propargyl Chloroformate,” D’Souza, M. J.; Darrington, A. M.; Kevill, D. N. ISRN Organic Chemistry, 2011, 7671411-7671416.

  • “Correlation of the Rates of Solvolysis of Neopentyl Chloroformate – a Recommended Protecting Agent,” D’Souza, M. J.; Carter, S. E.; Kevill, D. N. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2011, 12,  1161-1174.


  • "Raising a Red Flag: Deficiencies Found in the Reporting of Important Parameters in FDA Approved Drug Profiles,” D’Souza, M. J.; Gerges, F. J. Pharma IQ, 2010, 2850.

  • “Analysis of the Nucleophilic Solvation Effects in Isopropyl Chlorothioformate Solvolysis,” D’Souza, M. J.; Mahon, B. P.; Kevill, D. N. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2010, 11, 2597-2611.

  • “Use of Empirical Correlations to Determine Solvent Effects in the Solvolysis of S-Methyl Chlorothioformate,” D’Souza, M. J.; Hailey, S. M.; Kevill, D. N. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2010, 11, 2253-2266.

  • “On the Importance of the Aromatic Ring Parameter in Studies of the Solvolyses of Cinnamyl and Cinnamoyl Halides,” D’Souza, M. J.; Darrington, A. M.; Kevill, D. N. Organic Chemistry International, 2010, 1305061-1305069.

  • "Use of the Simple and Extended Grunwald-Winstein Equations in the Correlation of the Rates of Solvolysis of Highly Hindered Tertiary Alkyl Derivatives,” Kevill, D. N.; D’Souza, M. J. Current Organic Chemistry – Review Article, 2010, 14, 1037-1049.

  • “Deficiencies in the Reporting of VD and t1/2 in the FDA Approved Chemotherapy Drug Inserts,” D’Souza, M. J.; Alabed, G. Pharmaceutical Reviews, 2010, 7, ISSN 1918-5561.

Courses Taught

BI406 Research Methods
BI407 Experimental and Project Research
CH130 Chemistry for Allied Health
CH200 Organic Chemistry I
CH210 Organic Chemistry II
CH265/365 Directed Research
CH326 Biochemistry